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Languages and Scripts  of India

Kashmiri
Hindi Urdu
1 2
Assamese
Punjabi
1 2
Bengali
1 2
Gujarati
1 2 3 4
Marathi
1 2 3
Oriya
Konkani 1 2
Kannada Malayalam Tamil
1 2 3
Telugu
1, 2


Indian languages sites
Languages taught in North America: Institutions TIFR Languages Site
Nepali, Sindhi: 1. 2 font, Sinhala Language 1, 2 325 dialects of India, Indian language Newspapers.


Brahmi script: Historical Developments
Evolution of Indian scripts
Evolution of SE Asian scripts
Scripts: North Indian, South Indian, South East Asian
Indian language alphabet comparison
Historical classification of Brahmi derived scripts (German)
Descent of Myanmar (Burma) script from Brahmi, Chart
Thai
Laguna Copperplate, Philippines 900AD, Javanese alphabet, Indian influence in Indonesia
Korean script Controversy about invention
Ancient Texts in Tamil
Excavations at Anuradhapura
Earliest surviving Buddhist texts
Katakana and Siddham
Evolution of Bengali, Mahasthangarh
Piparawa casket
Descent of Sinhal script from Brahmi, Modern Brahmi derived scripts comparision chart
Maldive script
Sharada Script: Development, Notes on Paippalada Atharvaveda & Sharda script
Fonts Brahmi,Kharoshti, Harappan,diacritics in html
Indian numerals in Arabia
Tocharian, manuscript images, 6-8th cent., Kumarajiva, Serindia, a eurocentric view
Mongolian scripts origin, Paspa script on Kubilai Khan's passports Soyombo Alphabet
Theories on origin of Brahmi: Salomon, Kak (to come)
Grantha script of South India
Tibetan Script
Khojki script
Enhancement of noisy epigraphics images
Ancient Scripts of the World


Manuscripts: images
Oldest Buddhist bhurjapatra text (1st cent CE)
Palm leaf manuscript
Cave of Manuscripts, Central Asia, Tocharian
Vajracchedika-prajnaparamita-sutra (Diamond Sutra, CE 868)
Sangrahani-sutra manuscript 16th C.
Isa Upanishad manuscript text
Harwan terracotta with Kharoshthi numerals: 20, 20, 1 = 41

Patanjali's Yogasutra, text, translation
Kalpasutra 15th c
Bilva-mangala 1725AD 1 2
Illustrated manuscript (?)18th cent.
Basavapurana manuscript in Kannada, 1432 A.D
Raga/Ragini Hindola Nata, Kedarau
Tamil palm-leaf manuscripts at Institute of Asian Studies
Janam sakhi manuscript in Gurumukhi, 19th c.
Kalkacharya-Katha manuscript 15th c.
Abhisarika
Princely States Cout Documents Udaipur, Indragarh, Bundi.
Pancharaksa, AD 1289.
Bhagavata-purana, 10th skanda, AD 1689.
Unidnentified object: Can you identify this manuscript?
Ashoka's First Rock Edict prohibiting killing of animals (Translation)
Jayadeva Goswami's Gita Govinda
Hayagrvavidya in Gilgit script
Jivarama's sketchbook, 1435
Jaya Varma inscription, samvata 107
Manuscript covers
Tipitaka being written on palm leaves
Anawratha of Pagan conveying the Buddhist scriptures
Palm leaf manuscripts
Shrimad Bhagavatam1617 A.D
Sat Sandarbha1517 A.D
Mewari Gita-govinda 1714 AD
Jiva Institute Collection
Kushan period Kharoshthi scroll
Coins of various Dynasties, Coins of Ancient India, Ancient Indian coins
Chaurapanchaashika manuscript of 16th cent
The epic of Pabuji
Raghuvamsa Sarga 5
Karakorum Highway Rock inscriptions


Calligraphy, Bijaksharas and Yantras
Om:, animated , on lotus, in tibetan, as Ganesha, Om page In Jainism Ik Onkar (Gurumukhi) AUM: Vaishnava Lockerbie Memorial
Bijaksharas kliim, ham, hriim, hri, Om-Arham, Om-Arham, Note on Bija-Aksharas
The Religious World of Letterforms
Sri Rama
Bildwerdung durch Wandlung
Mantra in Siddham and Tibetan
Kalachakra, Wind Horse Prayer Flag Om mani padme hum meaning, modern, flags in the wind , glacially-scoured rock , Namche Bazaar, yantra, rotating, Prayer Banner An explanation
Bijaksharas in Siddham script (China/Japan)
Swastika, in Buddhism
Yantras: Shriyantra, Mrityunjaya, How to draw Shri Yantra (.ps)
The Joy Of Sanskrit (illustration)
Turn of the century postcards
"Cool" commercial calligraphy
"Jesus Lived in India"Hindi-style English Calligraphy
Saraswati


Classical languages and texts
Pre-Islamic Indus Valley Languages, Chart;
Sarasvati-Sindhu civilization Indus and Brahmi scripts Harappan sites, Objects, Vedic Glossary on Indus Seals
Sanskrit: Directory, Texts, Dictionary
Avesta texts, Avesta Dictionary, Avestan cognates and mnemonics
Zoroastrian terms
Sanskrit Resources, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Gita, Ramayana by Kanda, Mahabharata Outline(German)
Vedas, Shatapatha-Brahmana
Garin-Michaud Roger's bibliography
Sanskrit MSS in the Wellcome Institute
Notes on Amarkosha and Panini (German) Ancient Linguistics Panini & BNF
Indo-European Linguistics
Sanskrit texts in .dp format
The Relation between Sanskrit and Indian Conceptions of Time
Kyoto Sangyo University Sanskrit Texts, Pali texts
Pali: Dictionary Pali-English, English-Pali, Grammar and Lessons.
For Chinese: Sanskrit and Pali instruction,
Under construction, Chinese Big-5 WWW Environment needed.
Austric in India Homepage
Tamil texts, Ancient Tamil poets
Indology Page, Discussion-List Archive, Jambudvipa.
Indian Archaeology
Panchanga software Radiocarbon dating
Chronologies: Alok Vijay, Evansville, Kashmir, Hinduism Today, Islamic, askasia, Itihas, Rulers of Rajsthan
References, Texts Transliteration tables(German)



Comments and Suggestions to
malaiya@cs.colostate.edu